Menu Fechar

Evacuation for Fire Safety Engineering

 Evacuation for Fire Safety Engineering | Course informationEvacuation for Fire Safety Engineering is a 2-day course for fire safety consultants and people working with fire safety at companies, fire brigades, municipalities and government agencies. The aim of the course is to introduce human behaviour theories that are relevant for Fire Safety Engineering (FSE). After completion of the course, the participants will also have a basic understanding of pedestrian dynamics, and understand different egress modelling approaches (network, grid and continuous models) and their limitations.

The course includes a wide variety of topics, such as human behaviour theories, emergency exit design, evacuation elevators, toxicology, pedestrian dynamics, egress modelling and selection of evacuation scenarios. Most of the material will be covered in lectures, but there will also be exercises related to the design of emergency exits and basic egress calculations.

Evacuation for Fire Safety Engineering has been developed in cooperation between the Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety at Lund University, Sweden, and NFPA, USA. Both these organizations have a long tradition of fire investigations and research in the area of human behaviour in fire. Examples include investigations of the attacks on the World Trade Center, USA, in 1993 and 2001, and research relating to the design of evacuation alarms, emergency exits and way-finding systems for evacuation. In addition, the Department of Fire Safety Engineering has given courses in Fire Safety Engineering since 1986.

The knowledge gained at the course will help participants to incorporate aspects related to fire evacuation and human behaviour in their work with FSE, e.g., in the design of buildings/constructions, systematic fire prevention, review of fire safety design, fire investigations, etc. The goal is to give the participants the tools and know-how to better incorporate human behavior aspects in FSE. After completion of the course, the participants will receive a certificate issued by SFPE Portugal.


The course will be taught by Dr Daniel Nilsson (Reader, PhD, FSE) from the Division of Fire Safety Engineering of the Lund University, Sweden

Daniel is Associate Professor at the Division of Fire Safety Engineering at Lund University, Sweden,  and  has been involved in research about evacuation and human behavior in fire since 2002. He received his PhD in Fire Safety Engineering from Lund University in 2009 and became a Docent (Reader) in Fire Safety Engineering in 2013. Daniel’s research is focused on the use of way-finding systems for evacuation, e.g., flashing lights at emergency exits, but also on the effectiveness of different information system, e.g., voice alarms and information signs. Most of the studies have involved evacuation experiments. Examples include laboratory experiments in a smoke filled tunnel and a field experiment in the Göta road tunnel in Gothenburg, Sweden. Daniel teaches courses on evacuation and human behavior at Lund University, and also taught the course People in Fires at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) in 2016.


There are a number of activities that are included in the 2-day course. These include traditional lectures and exercises. The activities are described in more detail in subsequent sections.


A total of 11 lectures on different topics will be given during the 2-day course. These lectures will focus on different aspects of evacuation and human behaviour in fire. The lecture topics, which range from human behaviour theories to egress modelling, can be found in the section called ‘Schedule’.


Two exercises will be performed during the course. These exercises, which are both solved during the 2-day course, are:

  • Exercise 1 – Egress Calculations (theory by Predtechenskii and Milinskii)
  • Exercise 2 – Analysis of Exit/Building Design

The first exercise will focus on egress calculations, i.e., back of the envelope calculations, which are often done in the initial phase of FSE design. During the exercise, the participants will set-up and solve different simple egress calculations. These calculations will involve everything from basic calculations of flow through a single opening to flow matching exercises. The calculations methods by Predtechenskii and Milinskii (1978) will form the basis for the xercises.

In the second exercise, the participants will analyse different emergency exit and building designs in order to identify points of potential improvement. The exercise will result in an understanding among participants about common design errors. In addition, the participants will learn how to analyse the design of exits and building layouts in a systematic way using the Theory of Affordances.


The literature in the course consists mainly of selected papers and lecture notes. All the education material will be handed out at the beginning of the course.


The schedule for the 2-day course is shown in table 1 and 2 below. As can be seen from the schedule, traditional lectures are mixed with exercises.

June 3rd Saturday
09.30-09.45 Lecture – Introduction
09.45-11.15 Lecture – Human Behaviour Theories
11.15-11.30 Coffee break
11.30-13.00 Lecture – Pedestrian movement (crowding and smoke)
13.00-14.00 Lunch
14.00-15.30 Lecture/Exercise – Egress Calculations (part 1)
15.30-15.45 Coffee break
15.45-16.45 Lecture – Egress Models
16.45-18.00 Lecture/exercise – Design of Emergency Exits and Building Layouts
June 4ft Sunday
09.30-09.45 Questions from day 1
09.45-10.45 Lecture – Toxicity Assessment (FED & FEC)
10.45-11.15 Lecture – Panic
11.15-11.30 Coffee break
11.30-13.00 Lecture/Exercise – Basic Egress Calculations (part 2)
13.00-14.00 Lunch
14.00-15.00 Lecture – Evacuation in High-rise Buildings
15.00-15.45 Lecture – Design of Evacuation Alarms
15.45-16.00 Coffee break
16.00-16.45 Lecture – Scenarios for Life Safety
16.45-17.00 Summary and Questions


The course registration is made online below in this page, until May 26th. There is a limit of 20 attendees. Registration fees (paid by wire transfer):

  • Regular fee – 325€
  • Members of Portuguese charter organizations (OA, OE and OET) or ADSP members – 275€
  • SFPE Portugal observers (members of the local chapter only) or international members of SFPE or APSEI members – 225€
  • SFPE Portugal members (affiliates both of SFPE international and the local chapter) – 175€

Please send your proof of payment by email to until May 26th. Registration is valid after payment confirmation. Kindly note that all cancellations and/or changes to registrations must be made by e-mail to If participation in the course is cancelled after May 19th , 25% of the courrse fee will be charged. If the cancellation takes place after May 26th, 50% of the fee will be charged.


The course will be held in APSEI headquarters in Sacavém (12 km away from Lisbon city center). See it on Google Maps in this link.

2nd International Conference Fire Safety Performance-based Design

On June 2nd (the day before the course) will be held in Lisbon the 2nd International Conference Fire Safety Performance-basedDesign, hosted by Ordem dos Arquitectos (Portuguese regulatory body for Architects) and co-organized by SFPE Portugal. The conference will have two keynote presentations made by Jimmy Jönsson and by Daniel Nilsson.

Conference registration fee is just 75€. Conference registration for SFPE Portugal members is just 20€ and the annual due is 20€ so it’s a good opportunitie to become a SFPE Portugal member.

evento já realizado